I would not give up our house to live in an apartment unless it was one of the luxury apartments for Tampa. My wife had been wanting to move to Florida since we first vacationed in Tampa years ago. She kept working on me to make the move permanent. I have a hard time changing my ways. I admit that. However, I do like the warm weather. I thought I would have a hard time with the hot summers, so we did a test and went on vacation to Florida in July instead of January. I had no problems with the sun or heat. I felt invigorated with all that light. That was the last proof I needed before agreeing for us to go ahead and lease a luxury apartment for a year.Continue reading

Have you been charged with development for a nonprofit organization in your community? Perhaps you’ve volunteered to host a fund raising gala at a private venue or in your home. While the initial prospect may appear daunting, follow these recommendations from the professionals to ensure your event is a huge success. First and foremost, remind yourself that you’re a volunteer prepared to make the best use of resources at your disposal.

The first step is to secure a date and budget for the event. Presumably you know the fundraising goal as well as the theme of the campaign and the objectives for the funds being raised. Messaging is challenging for every organization, especially nonprofits. There are more and more nonprofit organizations clamoring for a shrinking pool of dollars to meet ever growing needs in local communities. One of the more popular, true and tested methods for fundraising at private events are limited live auctions and raffles. Take advantage of the awesome deals offered by Groupon coupons and purchase a jewelry piece at a discount from Kay Jewelers to raffle off during the evening event. Use this in your promotional materials. If your event is open to the public, begin connecting with local media sources by providing press releases of the event. Otherwise, secure your organization’s data base and prepare save the date announcements and invitations. The objective is to build momentum for the event. In order to increase participation, let past participants know their entry ticket will be reduced by a certain sum if they invite a guest to join them.

Finally, secure a caterer and local entertainment for the vent. Use your bartering skills as the event is for a local cause. Often with emerging bands, they’ll reduce their rates in order to get exposure to a larger audience. Enlist volunteers to secure items from local merchants for a live or silent auction to boost the fund raising proceeds. Best of luck on your fundraising event!

Wealthy real estate investors use a process known as “flipping properties” to quickly make a real killing in the real estate market. The process is simple. Flipping properties simply means buying a piece of real estate under contract and then reselling it at a markup within days or months of the initial purchase. In most cases, investors resell these properties to investors rather than homebuyers. This type of investing offers many benefits for the smart investor: * It allows for big savings. Since the property passes through hands quickly, the savvy investor will spend less money on managing the property. * It allows for big profits. Flipping properties is very lucrative because it allows the investor to instantly mark up a property price and enjoy thousands or even tens of thousands of dollars in profits on a single deal. Investors in the know even maximize their profits by purchasing homes that are priced below market value and then reselling for full market value. As you can imagine, the profit potential here is virtually unlimited, since you can buy cut-price properties at tax sales and directly from cash-strapped homeowners and resell at a huge profit. * It leads to fast cash. Many would-be investors are wary of the real estate market, because they assume that selling, buying, and managing properties takes months and years. Flipping properties allows you to see cash up front – in just a few days on desirable real estate. * It helps others. Most investors are interested in the bottom line, but flipping properties is actually a very good way to help out others. Investors who are successful at this help other investors by uncovering the valuable properties that can make others money. That’s why the markup makes sense – by flipping properties, you are providing a great finding service for others. In some cases, investors are also able to help out homeowners in financial distress, by helping them to get cash for their homes.

Why should I buy, instead of rent? Answer: You’ll love the feeling of having something that’s all yours – a Cincinnati home where your own personal style will tell the world who you are. A thriving vegetable garden in the backyard, a tiled entryway, a yellow kitchen… when you own, you can do it all your way! But there’s more to owning a Cincinnati home than personal satisfaction. You can deduct the cost of your mortgage loan interest from your federal income taxes, and usually from your state taxes, too. And interest will compose nearly all of your monthly payment , for over half the number of years you’ll be paying your mortgage. This adds up to hefty savings at the end of each year. And you’re also allowed to deduct the property taxes you pay as a homeowner. If you rent, you write your monthly check and it’s gone forever. Another financial plus in owning a Cincinnati home is the possibility its value will go up through the years. There are advantages to buying a Cincinnati home versus renting. View these advantages in a financial comparison of buying versus renting in the Buy vs. Rent Calculator. Savings: Buying In many cases, the amount of money a renter spends on rent can be about the same as or less than the amount a homeowner spends on a mortgage. With the tax benefit for homeowners, the savings can be significant. Buy vs. Rent Comparison The renter starts out paying $800 per month with annual increases of 5% The homeowner purchases a Cincinnati home for $110,000 and pays a monthly mortgage of $1,000 After 6 years, the homeowner’s payment is lower than the renter’s monthly payment With the tax savings of homeownership, the homeowner’s payment is less than the rental payment after 3 years Monthly Expenses: Buying Your rental company takes part of your rent payment to cover certain housing expenses. When you decide to purchase a home, you accept responsibility for paying for these expenses (listed below). They are additional costs to your monthly mortgage payment and should be included in your budget estimates: Cincinnati Home Taxes and Special Assessments Home/Hazard Insurance Utilities Maintenance Home Owner Association (HOA) Fee: Doesn’t apply to all purchases. It pays for trash and snow removal and maintenance of common grounds if applicable. Membership Fee: It may pay for recreational facilities and other services (cable TV). Looking for an apartment? It can be both exciting – and frustrating! But if you approach the whole process systematically and if you know your rights, apartment hunting doesn’t have to be a hassle. Read through this Renter’s Kit before you begin. And happy hunting! Before You Start Looking… Know your rights and responsibilities: Federal law prohibits housing discrimination based on your race, color, national origin, religion, sex, family status, or disability. If you have been trying to rent a Cincinnati home or apartment and you believe your rights have been violated, you can file a fair housing complaint. When you live in an apartment, you have both rights and responsibilities. Be sure you know what’s expected of you – and what you can expect in return. Figure out what you need: It’s a good idea to think through what you need in an apartment BEFORE you begin shopping. How many bedrooms do you need? Do you need to be close to schools? Do you need parking? Make a list before you begin…that will help you narrow down your search.

As we continue into 2012, Realtor Sandy Bakst, who is licensed in both Ohio and Kentucky, and sells Single Family Homes, Condominiums, Investment property, Equestrian estates, and other types of Cincinnati Real Estate and Northern Kentucky homes and condos for sale, sees some great buying opportunities going forward this year. There has never been a better time for buying a home, as interest rates are at historic lows and unless a seller really prices their home to sell, most sellers are not getting their asking price, which is great for the buyer. Since the current economic situation has had repercussions on all industries, including the real estate market, it is not as easy to sell property nowadays as it used to be. If you want to find out more about a local real estate market, then you have head to the right place which means clicking on the right targeted websites with up to date info 24/7 today. And for the Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky area, this means bookmarking and using real realtor Sandy Bakst’s sites at: www.cincihomesforsale.com and www.sandybakst.com . Cincinnati, the third largest city in Ohio, has a population of a little under 300,000 people and 156 neighborhoods. The Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky metropolitan area, also called the Greater Cincinnati, is a metropolitan area that includes counties in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. For people who are thinking about relocating to this Greater Cincinnati area, they will find helpful info like the following plus a lot more on Bakst’s websites to help with their investment decision-making: • The area boasts a large variety of real estate opportunities from historical mansions, to riverside houses, modern condos and more. • The real estate market in the Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky metropolitan area has evolved a lot during the past few years. In the past, when Cincinnati was mostly an industrial town, there were neighborhoods for blue-collar workers, which were more cramped and had mostly wooden houses, and luxurious neighborhoods for the more privileged. The once cramped and humble neighborhoods have now undergone an impressive revamping process, and numerous classy townhouses and modern apartments have been built. • Prices in the Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky area vary a lot, depending on the neighborhood and the type of house. Some of the most expensive neighborhoods include Mason, Downtown Cincinnati, Hyde Park, and many areas in Northern Kentucky. • The average price for a family house is approximately $192.000. Townhouses can be a little more expensive, at about $210.000. For those interested renting or leasing, the average price for the area is approximately $550 per month. • The great thing about living in the Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky area is that the cost of living is significantly lower than in the rest of the USA. • In terms of facilities, there are 17 colleges, university and technical schools which serve the Greater Cincinnati area. The city of Cincinnati is also serviced by more than 13 hospitals and other medical facilities, including Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, which is in the top five pediatric hospitals in the USA. • In terms of population, Cincinnati is a rather eclectic city, welcoming people from all walks of life and heritages. The Carthage neighborhood is preferred by Hispanics, while Avondale and Bond Hill have a rich African American heritage. University students tend to prefer to live in Clifton Heights, while artists and freelancers are more drawn to the North side.

Almost everybody has a dream home. A place they like to wander through in their thoughts, choosing imaginary wallpaper and putting in imaginary skylights. But for too many people, dream Cincinnati homes remain just that–dreams. The reality of owning their own home never seems to become theirs. Once you have figured out what kind of home are looking for, the next thing to do is to search for the best possible deal. Although this is the toughest part of the whole home buying process, doing your homework certainly does help. There are two ways of doing this. Searching on your own or by hiring a Cincinnati real estate agent and letting them do the hard work for you! Leverage their experience! In case you are looking to do it yourself, here are a few tips that would certainly help. Know Your Rights as a Homebuyer Before you start, there are many laws that protect you from scams, unnecessary expenses, and discrimination in the process of homebuying. Know your rights! Find out How Much Mortgage Can You Afford You can save yourself a lot of wheel-spinning if you take a minute to figure out how much mortgage you can afford. Generally, a lender will want your monthly mortgage payment to total no more than 29% of your monthly gross income (that’s your monthly income before taxes and other paycheck deductions are taken out.) You also need to consider current loan interest rates. The lower the interest rate, the more expensive the home you’ll be able to afford. Follow our tips and use these simple calculators to see how much you can afford in a mortgage payment. Create Your “Wishlist” Make your Wish Lst. Focus on the features you want in a home: 2 bedrooms or 3? 1 bath or 2? Garage or no garage? Knowing what you’re looking for will help you focus your search. And it will help your Cincinnati real estate broker, too. Research, Research and Research! The easiest way to do this is the Internet! The best way to find what you should expect for your hard earned money is to surf all the Cincinnati real estate sites and see what is available in your price range! Make a Short list of all the houses that meet most of your (written down) requirements. Searching Tip Searching for Cincinnati real estate over the net is so much easier than browsing a newspaper because you can key in your personal search criteria and don�t have to be bothered with the vast number of listings that aren�t for you. Internet Cincinnati real estate sites offer customized search options that allow you to zero in on your key requirements. Local newspapers would be a better bet in case you are looking to buy a house in the same locality. Sunday newspapers generally have a number of good listings. Make appointments to look at all the short listed houses Make sure that you visit each and every house short listed. Call the landlord well in advance and set up an appointment. Don’t shy away from taking as many inspections as you want. You can find out by asking yourself some questions: Do I have a steady source of income (usually a job)? Have I been employed on a regular basis for the last 2-3 years? Is my current income reliable? Do I have a good record of paying my bills? Do I have few outstanding long-term debts, like car payments? Do I have money saved for a down payment? Do I have the ability to pay a mortgage every month, plus additional costs? If you can answer “yes” to these questions, you are probably ready to buy your own home.

Home loans can be available from several types of lenders–thrift institutions, mortgage companies, commercial banks, and credit unions. Various lenders may quote you different prices, so you should contact several lenders to make sure you�re getting the best price. You can also get a Cincinnati home loan through a mortgage broker. Brokers set up transactions rather than lending money directly; in other words, they will find a lender for you. The broker�s contacts to several lenders can mean a bigger selection of loan products and terms from which you can choose. There are many factors to consider when looking for a home Types of Cincinnati homes – There are many different types of homes: single family, condominium, townhouse, and duplex. Additionally, the type of home you select may impact your buying power. New or existing home – Consider whether you want to move into a new home or an existing home. In general, new Cincinnati homes are more costly than existing homes. However, the condition of an existing home can significantly increase your maintenance requirements. Quality of home – Examine the condition of the home. Carefully inspect the structure, interior and exterior of the house for defects. The additional renovation costs may add up over time and exceed your maintenance estimates. Will the house need a lot of repairs? How old are the appliances? The purchase of the home is one step, but the renovations and repairs are added costs that need to be considered. Would you prefer to purchase a newer, costlier home or would you prefer to invest additional time and money into renovations and repairs for an older, less expensive home? Features – Consider the features of the home. Does it have gas or electric heating? How many bathrooms does it have? How many bedrooms do you need? All of these characteristics will influence the price of the home and your monthly housing expenses. HUD’s Wish List worksheet (A PDF Reader is necessary to view this file. PDF reader options for the visually impaired.) can help you identify and prioritize the features you are looking for in a home. Location – Would you rather live in the city, the country, or the suburbs? Do you want to be near parks or the library? What about a shopping center? Is it important for you to be near major highways or public transportation? Get a feel for the surrounding area by exploring the Cincinnati neighborhood and talking to residents. Crime rate – Look into the safety of the Cincinnati neighborhood. Does the Cincinnati neighborhood have a high crime rate? Has there been an increase in crimes committed in the area? If so, how will this influence the future property value of your home? School system – The quality of the school system in a particular area is not only important to families with children but can influence the property value of your home. Economic stability of area – The economic growth and stability of the area surrounding a Cincinnati home can influence its future property value. Cincinnati Home tax – Examine the annual amount of Cincinnati real estate taxes and other assessments levied on Cincinnati homes in the Cincinnati neighborhood you are considering. Brokers will generally make contact with several lenders regarding your application, but they do not have to find the best deal for you unless they are contracted with you to be your personal agent. You should also consider contacting more than one broker, just as you would with banks or thrift institutions.

This is the true story of the 1840 murder of Nevell Norway, a Cornishman and is one of Cornwall’s infamous murders – although the murder itself was unremarkable it had great media coverage at the time and a strange psychic twist.

Nevell Norway was the great grandfather of the famous author Neville Shute, which has since made it a murder that has continued to draw people’s attention. It was a murder which Conan Doyle detailed in his book “The Edge of the Unknown”.

Mr Nevell Norway was a well-known, popular and philanthropist and well-established timber importer and general shipping merchant who lived at Wadebridge, Cornwall. Born in 1801 and baptized in Egloshayle Church on 5 November, he was the son of William Norway, of Court Place, Egloshayle, who died in 1819.
Nevell Norway or Nevill Norway?

The correct spelling of Nevell Norway’s name, as inscribed on his gravestone and confirmed by his great-grandson, the author Neville Shute, is NEVELL,

The title of books and films have incorrectly followed the original mis-spelling, having taken the wrong spelling from the court transcriptions and media reports at the time.

Murdered by Highway Robbers

As a timber and shipping merchant, Nevell, aged 39, travelled regularly round the local markets, buying and selling. He had a very good reputation locally, his family having traded in the area for generations.

On 8 April 1840 he travelled to Bodmin market, on horseback, the normal mode of transport for the time.

At about 4pm he bought some goods and emptied the contents of his purse out into his hand, he had quite a collection of gold and silver coins – which was not missed by William Lightfoot of Burlorn, Egloshayle, who was passing by.

Once the market closed, Nevell Norway didn’t go straight home, but stayed in Bodmin until just before 10pm. His home in Wadebridge was about 9 miles away, the road was dark and lonely, passing through a lot of woodland and past Dunmeer Wood and Pencarrow Estate.

Nevell was riding a grey horse and started his journey with a companion, Mr Hambly, who was with him for the first three miles, but then branched off in another direction at Mount Charles gate. This left Nevell alone on the road.

A little later, John Hicks, a farmer from St Minver, and a Mr Christopher Bowen, were returning from Bodmin market to Wadebridge on horseback saw a horse in the road at Clapper, saddled and bridled, but without a rider. The horse galloped off and, intrigued, when they encountered two separate men further along the road near Egloshayle Mr Hick asked them if they’d seen the horse. Both had and the second man said he thought that the grey horse belonged to Mr Norway.

Hicks knew where Nevell lived, but didn’t want to knock on his door that late at night – but noticed a light on at the stables, one of Mr Norway’s waggoners, so they called in and asked if Mr Norway was about and told the story of the horse they’d seen. .

Mr Gregory, the waggoner, got a lantern and went out for a look – the grey horse was standing near the stable gate. The horse was checked over and spots of blood were spotted on the saddle. Mr Gregory went off up the road to search for Mr Norway, he was joined by Edward Cavell, one of Mr Norway’s servants who lived at Mr Norway’s house. Mr Hicks went to alert the local Doctor, Mr Tickell, before heading back towards Bodmin. By now it was past 11pm and the body of Mr Norway had been found just the far side of Sladesbridge and was being brought back the two miles to Wadebridge.

The body of Nevell Norway had been found in the stream, at Northill, lying on his back, with his feet towards the road. He was dead. Doctor Tickell performed an examination.

The Doctor found that the deceased had received injuries about the face and head, produced by heavy and repeated blows from some blunt instrument, which had undoubtedly been the cause of death. A wound was discovered under the chin, into which it appeared as if some powder had been carried; and the bones of the nose, the forehead, the left side of the head and the back of the skull were frightfully fractured.

A further examination was made of the spot where the body had been found – and on the left-hand side of the road they found a pool of blood and evidence of a body being dragged from that point, across the road and into the stream. Footprints of more than one person were in the mud and it was deduced that whoever had made the footprints was heavy. There was also evidence of a huge struggle at the scene.

Two separate sets of footmarks could be traced of men pacing up and down behind a hedge in an orchard next to an empty house – evidence of men lying in wait for their intended victim.

A short distance from the pool of blood was found the hammer of a pistol that had been recently broken off.

They checked Nevell Norway’s pockets and realized that the motive must have been robbery as his purse, a tablet and a bunch of keys were missing.
Route and Murder Place: This map shows the route from Bodmin (A) to Wadebridge (F) and the murder spot (C)
Route and Murder Place: This map shows the route from Bodmin (A) to Wadebridge (F) and the murder spot (C) | Source

Map of Route:

A: Bodmin town

B:Mount Charles Gate, where Nevell Norway was alone

C: Murder 1/4 of a mile before Sladesbridge

D:Clapper, where the horse was seen by some

E: Egloshayle

F: Wadebridge

Purple square: Where the Lightfoot brothers lived. They covered the distance from (C) to here across the fields.

This map was compiled using Google Maps and the exact route taken at the time isn’t known, but, from local knowledge and seeing where the streams currently run, it will be a fair estimation.
Finding the Murderers

A reward of £100 was offered for any information that would lead to the murderers being caught, but nobody knew anything. Eventually, a detective from London, called Charles Jackson, was sent for. Jackson managed to find the murderers as he found a Mr Harris, a shoemaker, who said he had seen James and William Lightfoot loitering around the empty cottage at Northill late that night after Bodmin fair.

The next door neighbour of James Lightfoot, Mr Ayres, a blacksmith, said he had heard James coming home very late that night and say something to his wife and child and that Mr Ayres could then hear them crying. Mr Ayres said “The bedroom wall partitions are very thin and there are holes in them. I heard James Lightfoot’s wife and child crying. James Lightfoot said, ‘Lie still! The folks will hear thee, damn thee!’ The wife said, ‘I won’t lie still – they shall hear me and I don’t care if they do!’”

On 14 February, the police searched James Lightfoot’s cottage and found a pistol, without a lock, hidden in a hole in one of the ceiling beams. Lightfoot was acting guiltily so was arrested.

Three days later, on 17 February, James’ brother William was arrested because he had told a Mr Vercoe that it was both of them that had been involved in the murder. At a hearing before a magistrate William made a confession:
Murder Scene
Etching used by the Court to show the location of the murder scene.
Etching used by the Court to show the location of the murder scene. | Source
Scene of the Crime

An etching was produced for the Court to show the crime scene. It included marks (labelled A-E), which are not present any more, indicating:

A. The small stream of water into which the body was thrown, after the murder had been perpetrated.

B. Cottage, at the time uninhabited.

C. Part of the road where the attack was commenced.

D. Entrance to the field where the murderers waited for some time for their victim.

E. Field in which Mr. Norway’s hat was found.
William Lightfoot’s Confession:

Three days later, on 17 February, James’ brother William was arrested because he had told a Mr Vercoe that it was both of them that had been involved in the murder. At a hearing before a magistrate William made a confession:

“I went to Bodmin last Saturday week, the 8th instant, and on returning I met my brother James just at the head of Dunmeer Hill. It was just come dim-like. My brother had been to Burlorn, Egloshayle, to buy potatoes. Something had been said about meeting; but I was not certain about that. My brother was not in Bodmin on that day. Mr. Vercoe overtook us between Mount Charles Turnpike Gate at the top of Dunmeer Hill and a place called Lane End.

We came on the turnpike road all the way till we came to the house near the spot where the murder was committed. We did not go into the house, but hid ourselves in a field.

My brother knocked Mr. Norway down; he snapped a pistol at him twice, and it did not go off. Then he knocked him down with the pistol. He was struck whilst on horseback. It was on the turnpike road between Pencarrow Mill and the directing-post towards Wadebridge. I cannot say at what time of the night it was.

We left the body in the water on the left side of the road coming to Wadebridge. We took money in a purse, but I do not know how much it was. It was a brownish purse. There were some papers, which my brother took and pitched away in a field on the left-hand side of the road, into some browse or furze. The purse was hid by me in my garden, and afterwards I threw it over Pendavey Bridge. My brother drew the body across the road to the water. We did not know whom we stopped till when my brother snapped the pistol at him. Mr. Norway said, ‘I know what you are about. I see you.’

We went home across the fields. We were not disturbed by any one. The pistol belonged to my brother. I don’t know whether it was broken; I never saw it afterwards; and I do not know what became of it. I don’t know whether it was soiled with blood. I did not see any blood on my brother’s clothes.

We returned together, crossing the river at Pendavey Bridge and the Treraren fields to Burlorn village. My brother then went to his house and I to mine. I think it was handy about eleven o’clock. I saw my brother again on the Sunday morning. He came to my house. There was nobody there but my own family. He said, ‘Dear me, Mr. Norway is killed.’ I did not make any reply.”

William was then remanded in Bodmin Gaol and en route to the gaol William pointed out the furze bush where Nevell’s belongings were thrown. James was already being held at Bodmin Gaol, where he too had since also made a confession. In James’ confession he blamed William for the murder.
James Lightfoot, hanged for murder. Image published in the local newspapers in 1840.
James Lightfoot, hanged for murder. Image published in the local newspapers in 1840. | Source
James Lightfoot Genealogy:

Born: 1815 in St Breock, Cornwall

Married: Maria Carveth on 5 August 1838 at St Breock, Cornwall.

Children: Maria and James had one daughter between them, Mary Jane Lightfoot, born in 1839. Mary Jane emigrated on 18 September 1855 to Australia where she married John Myers on 6 August 1859 at Balmain, NSW.

Mary Jane changed her surname to that of her mother’s maiden name by the time of the 1851 Census, so was married under the name of Mary Jane Carveth.
Tried and Sentenced to Hang

The two brothers were tried at Bodmin on 30 March 1840, before Mr. Justice Coltman, and found guilt. They were sentenced to death by hanging.

Up to this point the brothers had not had any chance to communicate, so the differences in their stories showed each was trying to save his own skin and frame the other.

Once sentenced, they were put into the same cell – and immediately started arguing and fighting, so they had to be separated and put into separate cells.
Intended to Rob Reverend William Molesworth, St Breock

After sentencing, when in prison, William admitted that his confession been a lie and that they had both arranged to meet, with the purpose of robbing the Reverend William Molesworth, of St Breock, but when William had seen Nevell’s purse full of gold and silver at the market they decided to rob him instead. However, when James had fired his pistol twice at Mr Norway, William had struck Nevell with a stick on the back of his head and knocked him off his horse. James had then battered his head and face with the pistol.

On 7 April 1840 their families came to say their final goodbyes and on the following Monday, 13 April, William Lightfoot (36) and James Lightfoot (23) were hanged at Bodmin Gaol. A report from the time said 10,000 people went to watch the execution, fuelled partly by the recent arrival of the railway line to Bodmin, but additionally because the Bodmin & Wadebridge Railway ran three special excursion trains to Bodmin on 13 April, carrying 1100 passengers to observe the hanging of William and James Lightfoot
William Lightfoot, hanged for muder at Bodmin Jail in 1840.
William Lightfoot, hanged for muder at Bodmin Jail in 1840. | Source
William Lightfoot Genealogy:

William Lightfoot genealogy information:

Born: 1804 at Lower Treneague, St Breock, Cornwall, UK.

Christened: 15 July 1804 at St Breock.

Wife: Maria Harvey (born December 1813 at Downhill, St Eval).

Married: 21 September 1833 at St Breock.

Children of William:: William Henry Lightfoot, Maria Lightfoot, Elizabeth Lightfoot, Angelina Lightfoot.

Parents: John Lightfoot and Elizabeth Penaligon.
The Last Words of William Lightfoot

The execution was reported in the Cornish Guardian on 17 April 1840, along with portraits of the murderers being printed. The local newspaper reported that the prisoners “ate their breakfasts with an appetite and relish which surprised even their attendants, whose long association with criminals had never before made them acquainted with two mortals so indifferent to their approaching death.”

On the scaffold William Lightfoot told the chaplain:

“Remember me to my wife and family and request them to shun the path of vice that I have fallen into.” James Lightfoot said: “Tell my wife and child to go to church regularly.”

More than 500 million active users, an average of 130 friends each a total of 700 billion minutes spent per month with a daily usage of 55 minutes. Just what is it about Facebook that kept us logged like that, we allow it to control our lives and made us become willing contributors to Mark Zuckerberg’s wealth?

Every single states update, photo shared and link posted you have made on your Facebook Wallis actually attributed to a ‘theory on psychology. Abraham Maslow stated that humans have three basic needs, which are for love, affection and a sense of belonging. Jasmine writes: “we might not realize it, but that in sharing with our friends our activities and photographs, we are actually seeking for attention and belongingness.We want people to notice us and we feel better when do and take time to comment on our posts. The best is that it’s OK to do so on Facebook because that’s what Facebook is meant for..I often joke and call all these a case of narcissism!”

In answering the question “Is it true Facebook is like a drug?”, Asker gave this answer: It is like any game or site that draws you in on purpose. I f they can prove that they have a huge following, they make money – plain and simple. They an do advertising and they get paid to put it on their site. The owners of all those games pay Facebook too. The more persons who play the more they owe, so they push the extra money thing so that you get ‘addicted’ and start charging for more points or $$. That is how they make money. We got to keep it simple and play carefully, never spend real money on these sites or it can suck you dry. It is an “Addiction”. there’s always a catch to everything – really.”

The very act, drive and need to always see if the ‘red-number-light is on tends to work like the Pavlovian condition technique. For instance, we subscribe to the e-mail notifications that notify us as soon as someone makes a comment on your post. And we’d check that comment right away. This in some way shows our addiction to Facebook too, as I have commented on the ‘red’ number-light, along with that craving need to know what someone has said in their comments, we do so in order to save a few seconds of “anxiety”. We do really love ourselves that much? Now Facebook is going to empower one’s life.

Understanding Facebook is a very difficult thing to do as it has proliferated in the manner that it has done and is doing. Since it is still a growing medium, this Hub will evolve with its morphing, converging, diverging and streaming nature and how it is affecting and effecting is users. The Hub may be about South African and the whole of the African Continent’s social media, but it is also about how the African people themselves are also affected by what I will try to discuss might be an addiction, too, in their own lives-they are not immune to the effects and affects of Facebook-therefore, it is worth learning about these affects, and this is particularly directed at the Facebookers in South Africa and Africa/Diaspora as a whole, about the addictive nature of Social Media, and those who control it, and how they do it; i.e., this might not be a definite study about Facebook(FB), but it is also a start at looking at FB at its zenith as a social media entity, mammoth business ore and enclave and also, a media environment, and what this means for its users and whether as a consequence this has altered, human perceptions, communications, social relations; and if so,how, it has morphed itself into human communication, interactive, intra-active and interpersonal facilitator of relationships since its introduction.

A cursory look at what Facebook doing what is or affects and effects the South African and the African continent’s social media Facebook milieu and interacting mass consuming and using clientele would be or is in order here. What will be discussed below, also affects any Facebook user all over the world, and these discourses below, also affect everybody on Facebook.. The article I am going to cite below, gives the reader some semblance as to what this Facebook Beast all about, and I think the author speaks to and for the users, at the same time informing those who do not really know what it is about, so that it sort of makes them privy to the innards of this mammoth and ever expanding and and fast-growing section or one of the entity’s of the the matrix as Social Media connections and facilitators for people to connect and communicate globally.

The Following article I am about to cite here, gives us a rough idea what Facebook is about and gives us lessons which will help understanding what one is dealing with when it comes to Facebook Social Media and its business side; media theorists are also utilized to give us clear parameters as about the Subject of Facebook addiction. Other professionals from a myriad disciplines will also be quoted. As a new, growing and emerging media communication systems, facilitator and environment, with its embedded techniques and uniqueness as a medium that dictates human connection and communication and other additional features which it brings into the communication sphere and environ, it is better at times to learn and read what those who started with it and are still the communication mode within the FB Beast have to say about it.

What is important is to know how does media (both the technology and the From High School and many colleges, which traditional media education does not address that question much, and popular culture tends to glorify media for its very existence. Messages, images and text affect us as individuals, families, cultures,nations and as inhabitants of planet earth. What this Hub will attempt to tabulate is that the ‘study of communication systems as complex environments-[and Facebook social media, specifically], wherein the interests in the interactions of communications media, technology, technique, and processes with human feeling, thought, value and behavior’ form a confluence-it is better to unpack it and see it in its loose and different parts.

So that, the ecology and essence of the Facebook(FB), is captured succintly by Lance Strate who when he describes “Media Ecology(One can replace it when trying to define Facebook), says that “it is a way of studying the postindustrial and the postmodern, and the preliterate and prehistoric of media logic, medium theory, technological determinism, as hard and soft, technologically evolving mediology.” This really means that understanding the technology, techniques, media, medium and communication is essential if we are to control and apply it for the Human Good. We need to use the latter advice and definition whenever we are dealing with Facebook and trying to understand it as a medium which has techniques of facilitating the intra and interaction through use of different gadgets of Facebook within an environment dictated and facilitated for by Facebook through its use of the Web.

In this same context, I am fully cognizant of and conversant with the ideas of Neil Post wherein he notes that the ‘environments, their structure, content and people-as we should by now recognize- media environments, are after all, complex message systems which imposes on human beings ways of thinking, feeling and behaving’- in that :

it structures what we can see and say and, therefore, do.
It assigns roles to us and insists on our playing them.
It specifies what we are permitted to do and what we are not.

In the case of media environments (e.g., books, radio, film, television, Internet Facebook, etc.), the specifications are more often implicit and informal, half concealed by our assumption that what we are dealing with is not only an environment but merely a machine. Whilst describing the Facebook(FB) as we have done and are still going to do (in the case of South Africa and Africa), I am interrogating or trying to find our what roles the media designs for us to play, how FB structures what we are seeing, think, doing, feeling, etc.,, why the Facebook and its media makes us feel and act as we do. This hub seeks to look at and discuss Facebook media as environments and how , in the case of Facebook, it dulls the mind, dumbs us down and habituates us to it in an addictive manner, that we end up losing control of our core being. The environment of Facebook(FB), is one specific environments that I will discuss below.

Something About The Environment of Facebook(FB)…

This Article from CNN informs us thus: “Facebook advocates are touting the company’s initial public offering this week — the biggest ever for an Internet company– as if it will save the net, the economy and the American way. Its detractors see the final chapter in the rise and fall of a smart but solipsistic Harvard dropout, and predict the inevitable decline of Facebook’s stock will spell the end to innovation in social media. Internet Bubble 2.0.

Of course, none of this is true. Such hyperbole is more about our traditional media’s need for simple stories than anything happening at Facebook or on Wall Street. These are the judgments of financial analysts who don’t even know what API stands for (Application Program Interface), and technology analysts who never heard of the Greenshoe option (the provision for an underwriter to oversell).

This factless speculation, combined with the risk-off jitters of the greater markets, has led to the conflation of stock value with business, and one social media company with the future of the net. If the dot.com bubble and more recent stock market crash should have taught us anything, it’s that stock prices have been uncoupled from business profitability, which has in turn been uncoupled from value creation.

Facebook can still be one of the most successful and significant companies of the past 100 years without being nearly worth an IPO valuation of $100 billion. Meanwhile, traders buying stock at that valuation can still make billions more over the next hours or days, even if the stock then plummets or slowly peters out. Likewise, Facebook can shoot to a sustained stock market success even without showing a reasonable profit for many years. Finally, Facebook can become the biggest stock market and business loser since Lucent (who?) without taking the Internet or social media down with it.” The last time I checked, which is very recent, the stocks of Facebook were rising admirably and sharply

Sourcing for house drawing plans on-line has become a less expensive option for people planning to build affordable homes without having to expend thousands of dollars.

They will rather find ways to save on the exorbitant costs of employing the services of architects, structural engineers, etc. (especially small home designs), for producing blueprints of house drawing plans.

With the recession and downturn of government economies world over, many have become more realistic about finding ways to save money in all aspects of their lives. And finding ways to get affordable and smaller home designs is not an exception.

Many have been trying to sell off their large homes for more compact small home designs, but there aren’t many buyers out there remotely interested in getting big or overstated homes.

Enough are not buying, and the real estate industry feels the pinch because in the not too distant past, those looking out to buy large and luxurious homes were the ‘toast’ of real estate agents.

Related: Homes Built on Narrow Lots
Modest Home Design
Modest Home Design
How to Get Smaller Homes Drawing Plans On-line

Home-owners with large and expansive homes suddenly woke up to realise they didn’t need so much space after all. Small home designs became the preferred option resulting in the demand for house drawing plans on-line which costs much less than getting them done off-line.

The on-line demand for building design blueprints of smaller homes has increased considerably over the past few years.
House Drawing Plans – Small Home Designs
House Drawing Plans – Small Home Designs
Why Modest Home Designs are the Preferred Choice

Many new and experienced home seekers, especially first time home buyers, want smaller homes because of qualities that were never really considered decades ago.

And contrary to the belief in some quarters, having a smaller house does not mean that dreams of a beautiful home cannot be imagined. Even small home designs can fit into our big dreams.

Now they clamour for house drawing plans with designs that are smaller because it is now accepted that small home designs are:

Cost efficient. It saves so much money building smaller homes, the plot is smaller and the house drawing plans will cost much less.
Energy efficient, much more than larger homes.
Compact and can be made to have a cosy or minimalist theme successfully.
Smarter.
Tailored to fit. No one really needs any home space that is larger than is required by the whole family, even including a guest.

The answer to who invented the electric water heater begins around 1850 with an experiment that was created in which both water and bath, on the underneath side, were heated by gas jets. An Englishman Benjamin Maughan, however in 1868 invented the first instant water heater called “The Geyser”, a device where the water was heated as it flowed into the bath. They were known to be quite dangerous.

Maughn’s invention influenced the designs of a Norwegian mechanical engineer by the name of Edwin Ruud, who immigrated to Pittsburg. Ruud who invented the electric water heater (automatic storage) in 1889, founded the Ruud Manufacturing Company, which is still in operation today, and pioneered the advancement of water heaters, in both the residential and commercial market.

The Water Heater is still sometimes referred to as a geyser in the UK. Other terms include: an electric water boiler, electric dispensing pot, or electric water urn.

There are various kinds of water heaters. The most common water heaters are the storage water heaters. Instantaneous (tankless) water heaters are newer on the market, and newer still, solar water heaters.

Storage Tank Water Heaters:

This is typically the kind of water heater you saw growing up, the big white tank often beside the furnace. Tank type water heaters come in different varieties – gas, oil & electric. This refers to the type of burner used to heat the water. Energy efficiencies between the different types of burners on the tank water heaters can differ greatly. In this tank, cold water is used to fill the tank, and an element, usually near the top & bottom inside the tank is used to heat it. In between the inside tank and the outer shell is often insulation to help keep the water hot, without the elements having to do all of the work.

Instantaneous Water Heaters:

Instantaneous Water Heaters, also called Tankless Water Heaters are just that. They do not have a tank, and therefore are thought to be more energy efficient. Sometimes they are called an in-line water heater, as it only heats the water it needs as it passes through, and therefore energy is not wasted by heating extra water all day that is not in use.

Other terms for Tankless Water Heaters is Combination Water Heaters, Combi Boilers, Continuous Flow Water Heaters, Inline Water Heaters, Flash Water Heaters, On-Demand Water Heaters or Instant-On Water heaters.

These particular Water Heaters are rapidly gaining in popularity and will soon become the standard. Often, one main Tankless Water Heater will be installed near the furnace, and supplemental smaller Tankless Water Heaters will be situated in tactical spots, such as a far reaching bathrooms, etc to be located right where the water is being used. This strategy saves water as well as energy, thereby making this option one of the most efficient, as well as saving on space.

Solar Water Heaters:

If you’re fortunate enough to live someplace sunny most of the year around, a solar powered water heater may be an option for you. Solar collectors are typically installed on the exterior of the building on the roof or nearby. If insufficient sunlight or at night, an automatic sensor turns off and keeps the remaining water from cooling.

For colder climates, you’re not out of luck. The evacuated tube collector solar powered water heater is an alternate type of solar water heater, smaller and deemed more efficient, also roof mounted, is said to work very well in cold climates.

True to its name, the evacuated tube collector solar powered water heater has a row of glass tubes which contain heat conducting rods. Inside the heating rods is antifreeze, which is in a circulating loop. The heat is captured and transferred into a heat exchanger. The result is excellent, with very low heat loss due to the fact that once the inside coating has absorbed solar radiation, the air has been evacuated from the glass tubes to create a vacuum.